Blue Cheeses

I remember when I was a child I used to think that blue cheese was gross because it had mold in it. At that time I didn’t know that cheese is basically the controlled spoilage of milk, meaning there is mold on all of it! The difference with blue cheese is that the mold spores inside the cheese are exposed to oxygen and thus they turn blue instead of staying white. There are various different mold spores that can be added to create the bluing, however the majority of them these days are made in a lab and shipped out to cheese makers. Originally blue cheese was made from spores on moldy bread (which is where they idea that blue cheese is not gluten-free comes from, I assume). These days nobody has time to use moldy bread so people with Celiac Disease can enjoy blue cheese as much as everyone else. Continue reading

Goat’s Milk Cheese

Goat’s milk cheese is the easiest out of all three (goat’s, cow’s, and sheep’s milk) types of milk for humans to digest. This is because the fat globules are the smallest in goat’s milk,  because goat’s milk contains almost no casein, which is the main protein allergen that is in cow’s milk.

Similarly to sheep’s milk, goat’s milk is not produced year round, because the goats usually graze in the pasture, which is not available year round. When the pasture comes in during the spring months is when goats begin to produce milk. The difference in the pastures and the areas in which the goats feed, also known as terroir, give the cheeses different characteristics. Pasteurization, however, tends to homogenize the finished products, making them less distinctive than their unpasteurized counterparts.   Continue reading

Wine Studies Level 1- Italy

I love Italian wines, if you look back at past posts you probably already know this because I almost never write about anything else, so coming up with something else to say about them is a bit tricky. Italy is one of the oldest sites of winemaking, where the tradition reaches back at least 4000 years. The Greeks were also prolific producers of wine back in the day. They brought their technology with them into Southern Italy when they colonized the area. The Etruscans, who were native in the Italian peninsula, had already been making wine, however their methods were a bit more organic, if you will, than the Greek methods. Continue reading

Sheep’s Milk Cheese

One of the most important aspects of sheep’s milk cheese making is called transumanza, which is the transferring of the herds from the mountains to the valley pastures. Shepherds will take their animals up to the higher altitudes because the pastures are wilder there, and then back down into the valley pastures. The things that the sheep eat in each pasture are reflected in the milk produced so you can get a lot of variation if you choose, or you can combine milk from several different pastures to get a more even result. Most farms will milk the sheep two to three times a day, then the resulting milk will be combined to produce a more consistent cheese.   Continue reading

Wine Studies Level 1- France

French wines have served as a model for the rest of the fine wines of Europe. Most people, especially in the United states associate the term “fine wine” with French wines due to their long tradition of traditionally making world class wines. Recently, however, the French wine export market has decreased somewhat substantially due partly it’s difficulty to understand. French wine law, although it has served as a model for the EU and other areas in the world, is rather confusing for the average consumer since it authenticates not only wines that originate from places that are stated on the label, but that they also satisfy a whole range of various criteria. Continue reading

Wine Studies Level 1- USA

Compared to European countries, the United States does not have a very long tradition of winemaking. What many might be surprised to learn, however, is that wine was actually made here in the US as early a the 1600s. Most of these early vineyards were planted in New York, Virginia, Michigan, and even Ohio (a fact which makes Ohio ever so slightly more exciting). Many of the indigenous grape varieties that existed in North America were not necessarily making the best wine so of course settlers tried to plant vinifera grape varietals from Europe. While those were suffering at the hands of phylloxera they were able to create hybrids from local varieties and the vinifera varieties. Nothing came easy in colonial America, apparently.   Continue reading